Monteleone is an Italian photographer born in 1974. He studied engineering but gave up on it and decided to study photography and journalism. He traveled to the United States and then to the United Kingdom to study those subjects. He started his career in 2000, working with Italian and international magazines. At the end of 2001 he moved to Moscow, where he stayed till 2003. Since then he has traveled back and forth between Italy and Russia, continuing his editorial work.

In 2007 Monteleone published his first book, Dusha (in English, Soul) and two years later published a second one, La Linea Inesistente.[1] In 2012 he published a book titled Red Thistle, winner of, among other prizes, the European Publishers Award for Photography, the Aftermath Grant, and the Burn Emergency Photographer Grant.
In 2013 Monteleone was interviewed by Vogue and appeared in the series of 12 episode of “Fotografi” for Sky Arte.

Monteleone has won numerous prizes, including three World Press Photo awards in 2007, 2009, and 2011. In 2013, with the support of Fondation Carmignac, he published the book Spasibo, of work he had produced in Chechnya.